Published: March 30th, 2017
The Moscow Economic Forum in 2017, during discussions, proposed alternative options for Russia's new strategy in the face of the development of the digital economy. Scientists, representatives of state corporations, economists took part in the discussion.
Within the framework of the roundtable "Digital economy in providing strategic planning ", moderated by Elena Veduta, experts noted the trend of the modern world towards rapid changes. As it was said, it is important to understand the current opportunities and directions for the development of strategic planning in such conditions. Today, the country has experience of the Soviet past, when the planning economy was the "foundation of the fundamentals." Unfortunately, in the "new Russia" this concept is not so much in demand so far, the most important decisions are made not for the long-term perspective. The way out of the current crisis, according to the speakers, is the proportionality of economic development, based on the orders of end-users: the state, households and exporters. It is also necessary to efficiently distribute production investments and optimize the structure of the final product for the consumer market. As many experts expressed, the development of the digital economy also directly depends on the saturation of all industries with IT technologies.
However, not everyone agreed with this proposition. "It seems to me that we are all now in some kind of illusion as to what a digital economy is. I will tell you on the projects: IT in the digital economy is 3 to 4% ", - said at the round table Vasily Kupriyanovsky.
The representative of the economic institute "Agat" of the "Roskosmos" Nikolay Bodin is sure that the active introduction of information technologies, including at the level of state corporations, can facilitate the process of managing them: make the structure more optimal; provide a systematic approach to solving emerging problems. "Having prepared proposals on developing an economic model for effective management of the space industry, I tried to look at foreign experience - what are the models of corporate governance. To date, I have found three models so far: Anglo-American, Japanese and German, "Nikolai Bodin said. True, the expert did not find the Russian model, which gives rise to doubts about the correctness of the chosen state course, when state corporations are oriented to foreign experience first.
Member of the scientific community, the head of the laboratory at the Institute for Theoretical Experimental Biophysics Irina Selezneva, believes that now more than ever need to talk about the development of its own software in the field of national security, the economy, finance and production. Of course, the expert said, the use of information technology must be present in large numbers in the area of education, otherwise no one will benefit from these technologies. Nevertheless, the most important is the availability of this education and technology to ordinary citizens. "For example, now our scientific staff are deprived of the huge pool of information that is present in the foreign scientific institutions simply because the database paid for us, closed, and not every research library is a stand" - complained to Irina Selezneva. She noted the underfunding of the education sector, which, of course, affects the scientific achievements of Russian specialists. Own software, the researcher is sure, is that little of what should be.
Alexander Gorbachev, representative of the FAS information and technical center, continued the idea of his predecessor that Russia needs to develop its own model of a digital economy adapted to the needs of our institutions and Russian history: "If Russia does not set ambitious goals now related to the development of the digital economy , - I'm talking about these definitions right now - by 2035 we are claiming that these centers (North America and Europe) will approximately divide the entire world economy by 45%, and there will be 10 % To various other countries".
As a result of the round table, experts agreed that the opportunities of the digital economy and the methods of strategic planning can give our country a unique chance to start moving forward along the path of sustainable crisis-free development and provide other countries with an example of successful use of an alternative strategic planning model.