Published: March 31st, 2017
One of the main issues of the Moscow Economic Forum, devoted to a new strategy for Russia's development, will be the problem of innovative and industrial growth of national companies. Especially acute is the victory of industrialist-protectionist candidate Donald Trump in the presidential election in the United States.
Writer-futurist, expert of the International Economic Forum, moderator of the round table "How to grow national innovation corporations of the world level?" Maxim Kalashnikov believes that Russia should pay attention to its own high-tech industries. China has built a whole system of state support for its companies and helped them to become world market leaders. Do Russia need to follow the example of the Chinese, who act like skillful gardeners and breeders? Maxim Kalashnikov believes that this question cannot be answered until the problems of general industrialization and protectionism are resolved. Perhaps only the creation of a mass demand for advanced products, primarily within the country, affordable loans and an optimal tax regime will help Russian innovative companies grow into world-class firms.
On the other side of the scale are state megaprojects. Do they need today? At one time, both the USSR and the US were able to launch the Nuclear and Space Projects, which gave the maximum of "related" technologies literally weaving the modern world and generating powerful civil corporations. After IT, satellite telecommunications, cellular communications, production of modern materials originate from these global projects.
"If we have a limited amount of resources, we need not modernize the industry, but take some innovative solutions," said Vladimir Pirozhkov, founder of the Center for Large-Scale Prototyping at MISS. As the expert notes, due to the growing population in the future, humanity will face such problems as lack of drinking water, radicalization of religion, the gap between the rich and poor, the instability of political regimes, educated unemployment, and the lack of resources and materials. We see the prerequisites right now. Proceeding from this, in order to withstand this inequality of resources, the Russians should rely on revolutionary innovations. What are these innovations?
"I would like to create a transport of movement in space, because then humanity will reach a new level of displacement, and preferably in time. The second thing is the seal of new forms of life, that is, something that nature has not yet done, or already. However, the press of new forms of life enables us to create a completely new world that can kill us, by the way, "- Vladimir Pirozhkov came to such conclusions.
"As soon as they understand you, they will catch you, shoot you, bury you," Vladimir Nikolayevich Boglaev, director of the Cherepovets Foundry and Mechanical Plant, agrees with the previous speaker. According to the speaker, a low market and a low level of innovation will lead to a loss of military superiority and a weakening of the country's economic growth; elite will appear in Russia, which will sell the country's resources abroad. "The loss of the Ukrainian market for Russia is almost a control shot in the head", - the expert shared his opinion.
"We need to collect the conditions under which systemic innovation development will become possible. To do this, it is necessary to create conditions for expanding the market. It is necessary to search for ways of interaction with Ukraine and to keep part of the market under the control of the Russian Federation. It is necessary to put more rigidly the question on uniting efforts, "- this is seen by Boglaev.
Dmitry Valentinovich Polovinkin, founder of the company "Biotsevtica", also made a number of specific proposals. According to the expert, it is necessary to establish state subsidies for scientific employees, engineers and researchers. Further, the speaker proposes to create an electronic exhibition of new developments in order to bring information to the user, as well as to introduce into the legislation such a notion as conditional VAT for companies that work on a simplified taxation system.
Representatives of the companies that produce high technology products in all spheres of activity also took part in the round table "How to raise national innovation corporations of the world level?": Dmitry Saprykin, director of the company "Lasers and equipment", professor of the Institute of Applied Mathematics Georgy Malinetsky, representative of NSG Georgy Konyaev.During the discussion, experts concluded that numerous innovative "accelerators" in the form of ASI, Rosnano, RVK, Skolkova did not work for the development of Russian science-intensive productions. Therefore, it is necessary to find out which structures for the living connection "science-industry" really need to be created in the country. The need for market development, innovation and education was also noted.