April 3-4 2018
Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Key theme: "Russia and the world: image of the future".
MEF-2018: III Plenary discussion

Published: April 9th, 2018

Presentations were made by: Pavel Vorobiev, Advisor to the Governor of Orel region, Head of the Department of Hematology and Geriatrics IPO First MGMU Sechenov (1998-2018), Chairman of the Moscow City Scientific Society of Physicians, Elena Drapeko, first deputy chairman of the State Duma Committee for Culture, Vladimir Ivanov - Vice-President of Russian Academy of Sciences, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nina Kuzmina, deputy chairman of the Federation of independent Trade unions of Russia, Rector of the Academy of labor and social Affairs, Marco Ricceri, general secretarial Director of the European Institute for Political, Economic and Social Research (EURISPES), Valentina Muzychuk, Deputy Director of the RAS Institute of Economics for Research, Professor of the Producer Department of the Moscow Art Theater School.

Participants of the meeting discussed the following issues:

- Social sphere - sphere of services or reproduction of the person?

- Social sphere budget: "the burden of the state" or human investment?

- What kind of modernization is possible in the 21st century: at the expense of a person or on the basis of human potential?

- Quality education: segregation or equal opportunities?

- Medicine: budgetary or insurance?

- Why is the share of paid medical services growing in Russia?

- Cultural sphere: the crisis of humanitarian values ​​or the destruction of "national cultural codes"?

According to experts of the meeting, Russia is in dire need of modernization, however, in modern society it is possible mainly due to the development of human potential. "It's no coincidence that in the Address to the Federal Assembly, the President of Russia called the main threat to our country not foreign sanctions but our own backwardness, whether it is like it or not, but in the 21st century the modernization of the country can not be carried out according to Peter or Stalin - due to the overstrain of all the forces of the people and the loss of part of the citizens, "the plenary session moderator believes.

Oleg Smolin said that every year the Ministry of Education presents a report, which indicates a lot of interesting information, except for the main - the main problems. According to the speaker, there are at least twelve of them in the system of Russian education. He indicated only a few, but the most obvious ones from the list. So, as before, teachers are not satisfied with their own status. According to the All-Russian People's Front, in most regions the decree on increasing salaries has not been fulfilled. Literally a scourge of the system the deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation called bureaucratization. "The Russian teacher is the world record holder for the time required to fill in pieces of paper," the speaker said.

In addition, in his speech he noted that in Russia there is not one electronic university, and such a technological gap is obvious. But the most real national disaster was the figures of disappointing statistics, according to which in 1992, 90% of teenagers were able to empathize and help others, today - no more than 15%.

Pavel Vorobyev in his speech focused on the issue of providing health care to rural areas of Russia. In particular, in his opinion, "it can be said that there is no sensible health care system in the settlements." At the same time, according to the speaker, in the absence of official policlinics, the so-called "healers", pseudomedicine appear in the villages, who, in fact, collecting considerable money for their services, do not actually cure.

At the same time, the expert noted that the number of doctors and paramedics working in rural areas is currently minimal, and those who are - in one person combine several profiles at once, demonstrating low qualifications in each. According to the speaker, it is possible to solve this problem by combining rural hospitals with large basic ones, and in the field to open offices of general practitioners. At the same time, it is necessary to stop the practice of opening feldsher-midwife points, and in their place to develop modern automatic terminals. In addition, it is necessary to abandon insurance companies, which, according to Vorobiev, eat 10-15% of the funds from health care, and do not give anything in return. "We just need to put things in order in what we are disposing to date, and not ask for new money. Today we spend a lot of money and always ask for more," the speaker concluded.

Elena Drapeko noted that the sphere of culture in recent years has attracted serious attention: conversations have even begun about the need for a national project in the field of culture. Despite the fact that the matter did not reach the national project, external threats, as well as the need to ensure stability in the society, led to the fact that more and more attention is paid to culture.

According to the speaker, today the Russian society is at a critical stage: in recent decades, the type of citizen as a competent consumer has been formed, but modern man is first and foremost a creative person, that is, he who creates the environment himself, and does not go on about for external calls. State and public institutions are called upon to help in the education of a new man and citizen.

"Culture is an expression of ideology, it is a system of forms, meanings and values ​​in society. It is through culture that society broadcasts what is the meaning of the life of a person and society, "the State Duma deputy stressed.

According to her, culture is a lively and dynamic sphere, it is receptive to all innovations. So, today we can online track any news culture in all corners of the country. The deputy noted that serious attention is paid to the development of the Internet portal kultury.rf, the revival of amateur and rural clubs, theaters in small towns, etc.

In addition, a national electronic library has already been created and is functioning, which has no analogues in the world. It is expected that in the near future 100% of printed materials published on the territory of the Russian Federation will come to this system. As for issues of copyright protection, the legislators suggested storing all the materials in the system, but to pay royalties to authors only upon access to their works.

These issues have yet to be worked out, for the time being the main problem is in what place the culture should occupy in the hierarchy of the state. Another issue is the interaction of the state, society and culture. All these moments are actively discussed in the expert community, and, Elena Drapeko emphasized, will necessarily be reflected in the new federal law on culture.

Vladimir Ivanov proposed to consider the problem of the discussion in the perspective of the current agenda of today. The speaker is sure that it is impossible to consider the issues of education without taking into account global trends throughout the world, let alone in isolation from the country's economic development. The fact that improving the quality of human life on the political agenda means that time has come for change. Obviously, a low level of wages and unsatisfactory medical care is a direct consequence of the separation from reality.

The main problem is, the scientist is sure, that the habitat has changed. "Today we live in the technological space, but new technologies require a new culture - operational, technological, etc.", said Vladimir Ivanov. Speaker added, it is important to understand that with the development and active use of new technologies, there must be a high culture of their consumption. Post-industrial society is a society where human labor is minimized. This way of life is oriented towards ensuring the quality of life. What do we expect from the new world order? For this, Vladimir Ivanov is sure, it is necessary to eliminate deep problems, which can become a serious obstacle.

According to the speaker, as a result of the reforms, we got disintegration in the science management system: a failure in the training of scientific personnel, in the number of scientists, in their qualifications. To date, the system is fragmented and not manageable. But how are the President's decrees on the financing of science implemented? The speaker noted with regret that the result was unsatisfactory. Vladimir Ivanov is sure that the global technological revolution is a challenge to which Russia is not ready.

Nina Kuzmina drew attention to the problem of undervaluation of labor in Russia. In particular, according to her, less than two-thirds of the working-age population of the country receive less than actually spend efforts. According to her, in the current reality in Russia "more or less cost-effective" is a variant of a family with two able-bodied adults and a child, or one disabled and a child - a fully able-bodied family in the current Russian reality is unprofitable.

Kuzmina noted that, according to the laws of the economy, if the goods are sold for a long time in the market below the cost price, its quality is deteriorating - this is the effect we are seeing today in the labor market - because of undervaluation, the cadres are losing their qualifications, and enterprises, in turn, shortage of skilled workers.

According to the speaker, the current consumer basket in conjunction with taxes - the so-called "subsistence minimum" - should be a guide for establishing social benefits not related to wages. "The minimum guarantee for wages should be the minimum consumer budget," Kuzmina summarized.

According to Mark Riccheri, today social policy becomes the focus of attention of all governments, organizations, unions and civil society. In a sense, it becomes a factor of production along with traditional ones - all international organizations say this. Similar trends, according to the expert, are not only in Europe, but also within the BRICS countries.

In the modern world, according to experts, sustainable solutions are required that would be ethically acceptable: this applies to the quality of life, and to the level of social relations.

Marco Ricceri said that one of the policy documents governing social policy is the 2030 agenda, which was approved by the UN. It identified the main problems facing the scientific and educational community. The document, including, was signed by Russia and Italy. So, now the distribution of goods should be given no less attention than production, and also understand the importance of not only quantity but also quality for ensuring the coherence of society.

Speaking about the European experience, the expert recalled that in 2007 a document was adopted that fixed the pillars of the social rights system in Europe. In the modern world, the emphasis on the social sphere is becoming stronger, the paradigm is changing, but social rights are the basis, because only an effective system of distribution of social benefits will lead to economic prosperity and development of the state as a whole.

According to Elena Muzychuk, the reforms carried out in Russia over the past 15 years have been directed against the development of culture. The expert said the transformations achieved were called the Pyrrhic victory of the reformers. "For example, the whole budget sector, including culture, was equated with rendering services, which resulted in ignoring these areas, they ceased to develop," Muzychuk commented. In addition, the entire ideology of the budget reform is aimed at a momentary result, which, according to the expert, does not happen. Optimization, she said, led to a reduction in various institutions, for example, libraries.

And most importantly, what Muzychuk drew attention to is commercialization. The Ministry of Culture is obliged to report on the earnings of cultural institutions, but the budget success, as the expert put it, is "not the main goal of their work." We need to move away from understanding costs, and emphasize the usefulness of cultural activities, "the academician is sure.

 

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